Thread starter #1
By the creation of the material universe we mean the creation of the heavens and of the Earth, and all things originally created therein. The heavens were created first, then the Earth, as proved in Gen. 1:1; Job 38:4-7.

The word beginning, as we have seen, refers so to the dateless past when there was as yet no material universe, or the heavens and the Earth could not be spoken of as being created or brought into existence at that time. There was yet no day and night, and no time on Earth or in Heaven, for they were not yet created . Whether there was day and night or times and seasons where God lived before that, is not stated, and all speculation is valueless as to proof of the fact one way or the other.

The word created is from the Hebrew word bara, meaning to create, to make new or bring into existence without the use of pre-existing material. This latter idea is certainly true of the materials out of which the heavens and the Earth were formed. In Heb. 11:3 we read that the "things which are seen [the visible things] were not made of things that do appear" or that were visible. If the heavens and the Earth were brought into existence, then it is certain that at one time they were not in existence. Bara is found forty-nine times in the Hebrew Bible, and is translated create eight times: created thirty-three times; make four times; Creator three times; and createth one time. The primary idea is to bring into existence something new, even if the something a new is to be made out of already existing material. Perfection is generally implied, and is always implied when anything is a creation of God. Moses said, "His work is perfect" (Det. 32:4) and David said , "His ways are perfect" (2 Sam. 22:31). Solomon said that God "made everything beautiful in his time" (Eccl. 3:11). In fact, a perfect God could not make anything imperfect.

Bara is used only seven times in Gen. 1:1-2:4, the passage that records all the creative ages. It is correctly translated created in each case. In all other verses of this passage the word made is used. It is from the Hebrew asah, meaning to make something out of already existing material.

gordon 2

Senior Member
Very interesting. I always have in mind ( perhaps incorrectly) when reading Genesis that Moses ( an Egyptian) had something to do in the editing and choice of what details to include in the creation story and that Amum the God associated with the worship at Thebes ( Egypte) seems very close to the god of Genesis and now especially or even more so due it's emphasis on "Bara" here.

Compared to the other creation gods in the Egyptian creation myths it seems Amum was the one Moses chose most similarly for many good reasons in what we know to be Genesis. It would make his severe emphasis on no other gods or his monotheism essential in the creation and the unity of the Hebrews from one spiritual tradition only, from one God only, and eventually a people of one temperament mostly.

For the Hebrew slaves who were now come out of Egypte the word Bara was an appropriate word. This new people was of new beginnings and being made by a god who always was, a being into existence without the use of pre-existing material unlike the many gods of the Egyptians, a God very very close comparatively to Egypt's Amum -- the one Egyptian god who was uniquely known as the hidden force behind all things. And it is note worthy that all other Gods, except Amum in ancient Egypt issued or had their origins from the "pyramid" or "earth mound" or from the earth.

Moses' god was going to weed out the gods from the fields of the new people's makeup and give those fields to this new people--one people, one land, one god.

PS, Amum seem close to Amen vocally.
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Thread starter #3
In Gen. 1:1 the heavens and the Earth are created or brought into existence; in Gen. 1:21 the sea creatures are created or brought into existence; and in Gen. 1:28 man is created or brought into being. Thus bara is reserved for the introduction of each of the three great spheres of existence; the world of matter, the world of natural life as in all living creatures, and the of spiritual life represented by man. The heavens and the Earth were brought into existence "In the beginning," while the living creatures and man were brought into existence on the fifth and sixth days of the restoration of the Earth to a habitable state. All other accomplishments in the six days were not of a creative nature but were things made out of already existing material which had been created, in the various periods or ages "In the beginning."
Thread starter #4
The Hebrew word for heavens is shamayim, meaning lofty, sky, the higher ether where the celestial bodies revolve. It is found 657 times and in most places it should have been translated heavens. God created the heavens, which includes the sun, moon, stars, and all inhabitants of Heaven and all things therein. Then He created the Earth and its inhabitants and all things therein. That the heavens are inhabited is clear from Rev. 12:12; 13:6; Col. 1:15-18; Dan. 4:35. There are at least three heavens and all were created and inhabited "In the beginning" The third Heaven is God's dwelling place, and it is a real created planet like this Earth as proved in Gen. 1:1; 2 Cor. 12:1-3; Heb. 11:10-16; Col. 1:15-18; Deut. 10:14; Ps. 115:16.

The secret things belong unto the LORD our God: but those things which are revealed belong unto us and to our children for ever, that we may do all the words of this law (Deut. 29:29).
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