Definitions of Political Systems

Status
Not open for further replies.
Thread starter #1

Howard Roark

Retired Moderator
Often on the Political Forum members are identified (accused, or claim to be) part of political belief systems. Below are several definitions of political belief systems / government systems which I use in my 8th grade reading classes as we prepare to read Animal Farm.

My 8th grade students comprehend the given systems of governance so most members of this forum should comprehend the definitions.

Constitutionalists: an adherent or advocate of constitutionalism or of an existing constitution.

Socialism: a theory or system of social organization that advocates the vesting of the ownership and control of the means of production and distribution, of capital, land, etc., in the community as a whole.

Communism: a theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state.

Fascism: a governmental system led by a dictator having complete power, forcibly suppressing opposition and criticism, regimenting all industry, commerce, etc., and emphasizing an aggressive nationalism and often racism.

Nazism: The ideology and practice of the Nazis, especially the policy of racist nationalism, national expansion, and state control of the economy.

Dictatorship: a country, government, or the form of government in which absolute power is exercised by a dictator.

Monarchy: supreme power or sovereignty held by a single person.

Hereditary Monarchy: hereditary monarchy the most common style of monarchy and is the form that is used by almost all of the world's existing monarchies.

Under a hereditary monarchy, all the monarchs come from the same family, and the crown is passed down from one member to another member of the family. The hereditary system has the advantages of stability, continuity and predictability, as well as the internal stabilizing factors of family affection and loyalty.

Democracy: government by the people; a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system.

Republic: a state in which the supreme power rests in the body of citizens entitled to vote and is exercised by representatives chosen directly or indirectly by them.

Theocracy: a form of government in which God or a deity is recognized as the supreme civil ruler, the God's or deity's laws being interpreted by the ecclesiastical authorities.

Anarchy: a state of society without government or law.

Plutocracy: The corruption of democracy, sources of political corruption, class conflict, corporations and politics, the mass media and politics.

Technocracy This one is a live URL.

Economic Systems


Capitalism: an economic system in which investment in and ownership of the means of production, distribution, and exchange of wealth is made and maintained chiefly by private individuals or corporations, esp. as contrasted to cooperatively or state-owned means of wealth.

Market Economy: A market economy (also called a free market economy, free enterprise economy) is an economic system in which the production and distribution of goods and services takes place through the mechanism of free markets guided by a free price system rather than by the state in a planned economy.

Mixed Economy: mixed economy is an economy that has a mix of economic systems. It is usually defined as an economy that contains both private-owned and state-owned enterprises[1] or that combines elements of capitalism and socialism, or a mix of market economy and command economy.


Socialist Economy: Socialist economics is a broad, and sometimes controversial, term. All socialist economic theories and arrangements are united by the desire to achieve greater equality and give the workers greater control of the means of production. Within the limits set by these principles, however, socialist economics can take many different forms.

Socialist economics is a term which refers in its descriptive sense to the economic effects of nations with large state sectors where the government directs the kind and nature of production. However, this definition is controversial because forms of socialism such as libertarian socialism are against government ownership and instead desire social ownership by producers and consumers in direct democratic cooperatives and workers' councils, which contradicts the idea of socialist economics as state ownership. In a normative sense, it applies to economic theories which advance the idea that socialism is both the most equitable and most socially serviceable form of economic arrangement for the realization of human potentialities.




 
Thread starter #2

Howard Roark

Retired Moderator
If I missed any please let me know and we will add to the list.
 

pnome

Senior Member
Anarchy (Greek: αναρχία) refers to a society founded on the principles of anarchism. Although in common parlance anarchy may refer to the breakdown of order following the collapse of a state (anomie), the term, as used in this article, refers to a stateless society or according to anarchist principles and thought, a society based on spontaneous order, that operates harmoniously without authority or government.

From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anarchy
 

Philbow

Senior Member
Perhaps a differentation between a hereditary monarchy and a dictatorship?
 

Throwback

🌽 LIBERTAW!!! 🌽
How about a sheepleocracy?

T
 

JBowers

Senior Member
How about a sheepleocracy?

T
See the Political Forum in Woody's!

Howard,

I think America has an average reading level of 6th grade. Although, I may be wrong as its been ahile since I checked that fact. Thanks for the effort.
 

Throwback

🌽 LIBERTAW!!! 🌽
I think America has an average reading level of 6th grade. Although, I may be wrong as its been ahile since I checked that fact. Thanks for the effort.
Yep, I'd say you're right. ::ke: ::ke:

Sorry I couldn't resist that one chance!!

T
 

JBowers

Senior Member
Yep, I'd say you're right. ::ke: ::ke:

Sorry I couldn't resist that one chance!!

T

Single malt is documented to have that effect!!!!!!!!!!! Do not operate computer keyboards when using this product!!!!!!!!! Blame it on the Scottish; ooopppsss, I am Scottish.
 
Shoeman

A democracy, technically, is defined as majority rule, which is a tyrannical form of government. It is two wolves and a sheep voting on what to have for dinner. The constant use of democracy to describe a free people is incorrect because under a strict democracy there is no stipulation to protect the rights of the minority from the tyranny of the majority. For example, it would be rather easy for the majority to outlaw hunting and fishing if that is what the majority wanted to do. America was in no way meant to be a democracy, a form of government that our founding fathers found deplorable. That is why they formed a republic based on constitutional law rather than on the whims of the population.
 
AWESOME!!!!

A link/thread that can continually remind us how we’re getting bent over!!!!!
 

Gaswamp

Senior Member
how bout adding populism to your 8th grade list
 
Status
Not open for further replies.
Top