The Holy Scriptures

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BIBLIE. This word designates the collection of Scriptures of the Old and New Testament that are recognized and used by the Christian churches who follow the religion of Jesus Christ.

The word Bible is not found in the English versions of Scriptures. It is the equivalent of the Greek word biblia, meaning books. The phrase, "ta biblia" meaning "the books" occurs in Dan. 9:2 of the Septuagint for the prophetic writings. This usage, for the Old Testament, passed into the Christian Church, and in time it was extended to the whole of the Old and New Testament . About the thirteenth century, by common usage, the term was changed from the plural to the singular--The Book.

Other names of the Bible are: the Scripture (Mark 15:28; John 7:38; 2 Tim. 3:16, 17); the Scriptures (Luke 24:28, 32; John 5:39; Acts 17:11); the Holy Scriptures (Rom. 1:2; 2 Tim. 3:15); the Promises (Rom. 9:4, 5; 15:8); the Oracles of God (Rom. 3:2; Heb. 5:12; 1 Pet. 4:11); the lively (living) Oracles (Acts 7:38); the law of Moses, the Prophets, and the Psalms (Luke 24:25, 44); the law of the Lord (Ps. 1:2); the law of the Prophets (Matt. 5:17;11:13; Acts 13:15); the Book of the Lord (Isa. 34:16); the Word of the God (Mark 7:13; Rom. 10:17; Heb. 4:12); the Sword of the Spirit (Eph. 6:17); the Old and New Testament (Luke 22:20; 2 Cor. 3:6-15; Heb. 9:15); the Word of Christ (Col. 3:16); the Word of Life (Phil. 2:16); the Scriptures of Truth (Dan. 10:21); the Word of Truth (2 Tim. 2:15); and the Gospel of Christ (Rom. 1:16).

The word "testament" means a document disclosing the will of a person, a contract, agreement, or a covenant between two contracting parties. All these meanings will become more clearer, the more one studies the Bible. by the end of the second century, the Old and New Testament became permanent names for the Jewish and Christian Scriptures.

The Old Testament is largely a record of God's dealings with the Hebrew people and the revelations of His will to them and through them to the whole race, whereby He binds Himself to take into new and special relationship all who obey His will. The New Testament is largely the fulfillment and enlargement of the Old Testament and gives the record of the promises, agreements, or compacts between God and man, showing the privileges, blessings, and requirements of the gospel through Jesus Christ, the Redeemer of the world.

"a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth" (2 Tim. 2:15).
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What The Bible Is Not

The Bible is not an amulet, a charm, a fetish, or a thing that will work wonders by its very presence without any voluntary agency. The Bible does not claim to be any such thing. It does claim that if one will study and practice it that it will work wonders in the life now and hereafter. It will not benefit a man by its presence any more then a spring of cool water to a thirsty man in the desert will benefit him if he refuses to drink.

The Bible is not a book of chronological events or one unbroken series of divine utterances. It was given piecemeal, here a little and there a little, to many men through eighteen or more centuries (Isa. 28:9-11). In spite of this it forms a prefect unity.

The Bible is not a book of heavenly utterances in supernatural language. It is God's revelation in the most simple human language possible.

The Bible is not a book of mysteries. It explains its so-called mysteries and it is self-interpreting, so that no mystery remains in it.

The Bible is not a book that says one thing and means another. It has generally only one simple meaning. If a few passages have a double meaning , that is quite clear from the passage itself or from parallel passages. One cannot, as is commonly believed, get a thousand different meanings from any one passage.

The Bible is not a specimen of God's skill as a writer or logician. It is a book written by men whom God used to record His revelation. God used the men by giving them freedom of expression to use their own language and ways of expressing truth. The writers were God's penmen, and not God's pens. All that inspiration guarantees is unity of thought, not the sameness of words and expressions.

The Bible is not a book of systematic discourses on any one subject, but it does give divine information on practically every subject. One must collect together here and there all God's information through various writers in order to get the whole truth. When this is done, there is perfect harmony, and everything about the subject that man really needs to know, is clear.

The Bible is not a book that conforms to the tastes, customs, or habits of any one nation or people, or for any one age or period of time. It is a book to which all people of all ages can conform, and yet retain their own peculiar customs and habits that are not sinful and contrary to the will of God.
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What The Bible Is

The Bible is God's inspired revelation of the origin and destiny of all things. It is the power of God unto eternal salvation and it is the source of present help for body, soul, and spirit (Rom. 1:16; John 15:7). It is God's will and testament to men in all ages, revealing the plan of God for all man here and now and in the next life. It is the record of God's dealings with man, past, present, and future. It contains God's message of eternal salvation to all who believe in Christ and of eternal ****ation to those who rebel against the Gospel.

As a literary composition, the Bible is the most remarkable book ever made. It is a divine library of sixty-six books, some of considerable size, and others no larger than a tract. These books include various forms of literature, history, biography, poetry, proverbial sayings, hymns, letters, directions for elaborate ritualistic worship, laws, parables, riddles, allegories, prophecy, drama, and all other forms of human expressions. They embrace all manner of literary styles. It cannot be excelled from any standpoint.
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It is the book that contains the mind of God, the state of man, the way of salvation, the doom of sinners, and the happiness of believers. Its doctrines are holy, its precepts binding, its histories true, and its decisions immutable. Read it to be wise, believe it to be safe, and practice it to be holy. It contains light to direct you, food to support you, and comfort to cheer you. It is the traveler's map, the pilgrim's staff, the pilot's compass, the solder's sword and the Christian's charter. Here Heaven is opened, and the gates of He11 disclosed. Christ is its grand subject, our good its design, and the glory of God its end. It should fill your memory, rule your heart, and guide your feet in righteousness and true holiness. Read it slowly, frequently, prayerfully, meditatively, searchingly, devotionally, and study it constantly, perseveringly, and industriously. Read it through and through until it becomes part of your being and generates faith that will move mountains. It is a mine of wealth, the source of health, and a world of pleasure. It is given to you in this life, will be opened at the judgment, and will last forever. It involves the highest responsibility, will reward the least to the greatest labor, and will condemn all who trifle with its sacred contents.
It is a mirror to reflect ( James 1:23 ); hammer to convict ( Jer. 23:29 ); fire to refine ( Jer. 23:29 ); seed to multiply ( 1 Pet. 1:23 ); laver to cleanse ( Eph. 5:26; John 15:3 ); lamp to guide ( Ps. 119:105 ); and food to nourish, including milk for babes ( 1 Pet. 2:2 ), bread for the hungry ( Matt. 4:4 ), meat for men ( Heb. 5:11-14 ), and honey for dessert ( Ps. 19:10 ). It is rain and snow to refresh ( Isa. 55:10 ); a sword to cut ( Heb. 4:12 ); a bow to revenge ( Hab. 3:9 ); gold to enrich ( Ps. 19:7-10 ); and power to create life and faith ( 1 Pet. 1:23; Rom. 10:17 ).
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HOW THE BIBLE WAS GIVEN TO MAN. It was given through the audible voices of God ( Matt. 3:16, 17; 17:5; John 12:28; Deut. 5:24 ). of angels ( Acts 7:38; Heb. 2:2 ); of prophets ( Acts 3:21; 2 Pet. 1:21 ); of Jesus Christ ( Heb. 1:-3; Rev. 1:1 ); and of the apostles ( Acts 1:2; Eph. 4:7-11 ). It came through visions ( Isa. 6; Dan. 7-8; Ezek. 1 ); dreams ( Dan. 2; Matt. 1:20; 2:12 ); revelation ( Gal. 1:15-16; Eph. 3:3 ); and inspiration ( 2 Tim. 3:15-17 ).

LANGUAGES OF THE BIBLE. The Old Testament was written in Hebrew and Aramaic. The New Testament was written in Greek.
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( King James Version ). There are two main divisions --The Old Testament made up of thirty-nine books, and the New Testament made up of twenty-seven books. Each Testament is divided into five main divisions. The Old Testament is divided into Pentateuch or five books of Moses--Genesis through Deuteronomy; twelve historical books--Joshua through Esther; five poetical books--Job through the Song of Solomon; five books of the Major Prophets--Isaiah through Daniel; and twelve books of Minor Prophets--Hosea through Malachi. The New Testament is divided into four Gospels--Matthew through John; the historical book--Acts; the fourteen Pauline Epistles--Romans through Hebrews; the seven General Epistles--James through Jude; and the prophetical book--Revelation.

The Bible as a whole is divided in sixty-six books, 1,189 chapters, and 31,214 verses, made up of 773,746 words and 3,566,480 letters. There are nearly 1,250 promises to all men in various ages, but only about 500 that can be definitely claimed by modern Christians. There are, however, an abundance of promises for Christians covering every known need in this life and the life to come.
The longest two words are in Isa. 8:1 and in the title of Ps. 56; the longest verse, Esther 8:9; shortest verse, John 11:35; middle book, Micah; middle verse, Ps. 118:8; middle and shortest chapter Ps.117; longest book Psalms; shortest book, 2 John, longest chapter, Ps. 119; chapter divisions made, 1236 A. D. Four verses in Ps. 107 are alike 8th, 15th, 21st, and 31st. also 2 Kings 19 and Isa. 36, Ezra 2 and 7, and 2 Chron. 36:22-23 and Ezra 1:1-3a are alike.
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The Bible an Inspired Revelation from God

Christianity claims to be a revealed religion. the record of that revelation is contained in the Sacred Scriptures.

REASONS MAN CAN EXPECT A REVELATION FROM GOD. Man's intellectual and moral nature requires a revelation from God. such will help him preserve and insure the moral and spiritual progress he needs to attain and the higher nature that he cannot hope to reach unaided. There is within man's moral makeup an intuition, a reason, and a hunger for the supernatural and the knowledge of things unrevealed. And as nothing in nature exists without a purpose, these natural cravings must be satisfied. The only way these natural desires of man can be met is by means of a supernatural revelation and manifestation, leading man to the desired end of his creative makeup. Thus only a revelation of things to come beyond this life, can fully satisfy the natural demands of man's nature.
All history testifies to the fact that in those nations where the Bible revelation is not know, there is a very low standard of living. Because of such imperfect knowledge, man's actual condition has been that of moral depravity, and utter helplessness to cope with the evil forces and the higher demands of nature.
What we know of God through nature gives us grounds to know that this lack in human life has been met by a supernatural revelation to supply this need. It is only right to believe that since God made man a moral and spiritual being, for spiritual ends. He also supplied the means to attain these ends. It is not natural or reasonable from any standpoint to believe that the Creator would leave His creation in such an imperfect state by creating within man this longing for the unknown, Without meeting his needs with a divine supply. At the same time, both conscience and reason affirm that man is a sinner and merits condemnation. But he cannot from reason alone know that God will be merciful and save him. His doubts can be removed only by God's own word to him. This requires a divine revelation.


Senior Member
This is an interesting topic to me. When speaking of the Bible, whose "book" are we discussing?

The Christian community has used several Bibles throughout the world since Christ's creation of the Church.
Thread starter #9
This is an interesting topic to me. When speaking of the Bible, whose "book" are we discussing?

The Christian community has used several Bibles throughout the world since Christ's creation of the Church.
I am not saying there is just one Bible, If you will go over to page #25 Thread [ Scripture vs the Gospel ] that Artfuldodger posted, my post is #72on it [ The Apocryphal books ] It gives you fourteen reasons why some of the books were never used or Scripture.


Senior Member
I am not saying there is just one Bible, If you will go over to page #25 Thread [ Scripture vs the Gospel ] that Artfuldodger posted, my post is #72on it [ The Apocryphal books ] It gives you fourteen reasons why some of the books were never used or Scripture.
Perhaps you should look at the Scriptures used by the Eastern Churches, or the Copic Church, the Church consists of many others besides the west.

Happy Easter to all.


Senior Member
No need, I got all that I need thanks anyway !
Fantastic attitude. I have always had to consider the thought that if other writings were of no value, then why did the Apostles use them and why were Old Testament references made to them?

So sad, the graces God has provided are left lying in the gutter by some.
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Not only should man expect a revelation, but he may expect that a divine revelation would be in perfect harmony with, and supplementary to nature. Those who are in any sense honest and rational concerning such proof may expect a revelation that is beyond all doubt from a supernatural source. They may expect this revelation to come through chosen vessels, and be preserved by divine power through the ages. they may further expect it to be attested by miraculous works, and prophetical utterances that have been fulfilled to the letter. All this is true of the Bible.

" a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth " ( 2 Tim. 2:15 ).
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The word revelation is from the Greek apokalupsis meaning to unveil, reveal, and uncover; or the lifting up of a curtain so that all may see alike what was previously veiled. There can be no excuse for different interpretations of the revelation of God of things that can be seen alike by all, if all will look at the same thing in the same way.
The revelation of God is simply the unveiling of facts and truths which man could not know of himself, but which are divinely revealed by the Spirit of God. About one fifth of the Bible is prophecy which requires a revelation. Then there are many other parts of the Bible as creation, Lucifer's reign, God's plan, and many things that had to be revealed before man could possibly know the facts about them. The history of the Bible did not have to be revealed, but it is as much inspired as the revealed part. Inspiration simply guarantees the true recording of facts as they happened, or as they are going to happen. The method of disclosure and the truth disclosed are alike called revelation ( Eph. 3:3; Col. 1:26; Rev. 1:1; Rom. 16:25 ).

" Ye do err, not knowing the scriptures, nor the power of God " (Matt. 22:29 ).
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The Greek theopneustos literally means God-breathed. It is that special influence or power of the Holy Spirit upon the minds and in the lives of holy men, which qualified and enabled them to make an infallible record of divine truth concerning the will of God to man. Paul said, "All Scripture is given by inspiration of God [is God-breathed], and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness; that the man of God may be prefect, throughly furnished unto all works" ( 2 Tim. 3:15-17 ). Peter said, "God hath spoken by the mouths of all his holy prophets since the world began" and that, "holy men of God spake as they were moved [borne along] by the Holy Ghost" ( Acts 3:21; 2 Pet. 1:21 ).
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Is to secure truth and unity in record and not conformity or sameness of statement. Inspiration has accomplished this beyond human comprehension, as proved in Proofs of Revelation and Inspiration that follows shortly.
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Revelation discovers new truth while inspiration superintends the communication and recording the truth. We have examples of inspiration without revelation ( Luke 1:1-4 ); ; of inspiration including revelation ( Rev. 1:1, 11 ); of inspiration without illumination ( 1 Pet. 1:11; 1 Cor. 14:13-19 ); and of revelation and inspiration including illumination ( 1 Cor. 2:12-16; 14:30 ).
We find lies of Satan and men; we find false statements ; and we find murders, adulteries and many sins recorded in Scripture. Inspiration simply records the truth or what was said or done, and guarantees to us that Satan did lie; that what is written is actually what he said, but it does not change the lie to a truth. Inspiration records sins of men, but it does not sanction those sins as the will of God. The reader of Scripture must keep in mind the difference between what Satan and men say, and what God actually says. God is responsible only for what He says, and what He inspires men to say. He is not responsible for what others say. All He is responsible for is the true record of what men and demons have said and done.
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Some words were the exact words of God ( Exodus 32:16; Deut. 5:4, 24; Matt. 3:17; 17:5; John 12:28 ); some words were put into the mouths of speakers who spoke as the Spirit inspired them ( Exodus 4:12; Num. 23:5; Ezek. 2:7; 3:10-11; Acts 3:21 ); and some words were written as the writers were moved by the Spirit ( Ex. 34:17; 2 Pet. 1:21; Rev. 1:11 ). In other parts of Scripture the speakers and writers were inspired to choose their own words in relating divine truth; or saying things that were later recorded by the Spirit through men ( Dan. 12:8-9; John 20:30-31; Luke 1:1-4; Acts 1:1-2 ). Regardless of the way the various passages were recorded it was by a full and plenary inspiration, that is, all of the Bible was inspired of God.
The Spirit used attention, reason, investigation, memory, logic, and all the faculties of the writers and speakers, in speaking writing the divine record of things past, present, and future. He guided them to chose the material of others, spoken and written, such as imperial decrees, genealogies, letters historical records, and whatever was was necessary for the recording of truth. The Spirit worked in and through their own spirits, and preserved their individualities in their writings. The Bible is in truth the very Word of God in human language, and it should be understood on the same basis that we do other books in human language.
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Proofs of Revelation and Inspiration
The following reasons are sufficient to prove to an unbiased mind that the Bible is an inspired revelation of God.

IT'S WONDERFUL UNITY. Over forty different authors wrote the sixty-six books of the Bible during a period of over 1,800 years; and they all had one theme --the creation and redemption of the human race by God through Jesus Christ and the Holy -Spirit.
These books of the Bible were written by men from all walks of life such as kings, priests, judges, lawyers, princes shepherds, soldiers, courtiers, statesmen, musicians, inventors, singers, poets, preachers, prophets, fishermen, farmers, tentmakers, publicans, physicians, rich men and poor men. They were written in various lands of three continents--Europe, Asia and Africa. They were written in different ages and by many men, some who never saw each other or knew what the others wrote on the same subjects, yet when there writings became one book, there is not one contradiction among them.
Suppose forth medical men, each in a different land and age, would write forth books on how to cure a disease, what kind of cure would such a collection make? How much unity would one find among their writings? Collect together forty books of man on any subject and one can see many contradictions and controversies among the authors. some will be found trying to prove how the others are wrong and why his theory is right. This is all to apparent to those who have read different authors on any one subject. There is no unity of thought between the books of men on any subject. but there is perfect unity between the books of the Bible, which speak of hundreds of subjects in the realm of religion, politics, science. This proves there is one divine author for all sixty-six books. Who but a divine author, could produce such a work?
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Proofs of Revelation and Inspiration

ITS SUPERIORITY TO OTHER BOOKS. There is an abundance of evidence that the Bible is superior to all other books. It is not like any other book in its claims, in its message, in its moral tone, in its insight into the future, and in its words of peace and comfort and hope to all men. It is different because of its insight into human nature and into all things of life here and hereafter.
It is the outstanding book among millions of books. It is in a class by itself. Other books can be classified as to their subject matter, message, and style. but this is not so with the Bible. It does not fix into any human classification of books. Its unique origin, its message, and its wonderful structure all prove its superiority.
It is also unequalled in its benefits to men, in its circulation, and in its popularity. In spite of all competition and the advantage of advertising that other books have over the Bible, it is still the best seller. More than 30,000,000 copies are distributed annually. Millions of men in all lands acclaim the Bible as the only book that satisfies the soul, and gives any hope of life beyond the grave. When the book of a modern is translated into a few languages, the author is as proud as a peacock. The Bible has been translated into 1,086 languages and dialects, and new translations are being made every year. There are twelve editions of it alone for the blind. It is the most modern book of all ages, and all other books are hopelessly outclassed when compared with the Bible.
From the standpoint of literature and truth , the Bible is a recognized authority on the affairs of daily life as well as of things in the next life. It has no equal. Millions of men in all ages have lived and died by its teachings. No such trust can be placed in any other book. Religions, secret orders, and practically every kind of human doctrine claim to be based upon the Bible. It is the simplest book to understand and yet it needs constant study. Even the non-believer feels he is uneducated without a knowledge of its teachings. The more one reads, the more he realizes he is far short of mastering its contents. There are always new discoveries of truth in the Bible. It is always new to those who read it most. This is not so with any other book. When they are read a time or two, their contents are mastered, and the subject matter becomes old and uninteresting. All this proves the divine origin of the Bible.